A portrait of Boskovic, published in Milano in 1818 in a collection of famous people living between 18th century the beginning of the 19th.
Ruđer Josip BoškovićBorn 18 May 1711 (1711-05-18)
Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa (today Croatia)
Died 13 February 1787 (aged 75)
Milan, Duchy of Milan
Residence Dubrovnik, Rome, Venice, Paris, Istanbul, Milan, Bassano
Fields Theology, Physics, Astronomy, Mathematics, Natural philosophy, Diplomacy, Poetry
Institutions Brera Observatory, University of Pavia
Alma mater Pontifical Gregorian University
Known for precursor of the Atomic theory, founder of Brera Observatory
Ruđer Josip Bošković ( French: Roger Joseph Boskovich , Italian: Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovich , Latin: Rogerius Josephus Boscovich ) (18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a theologian, physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, Jesuit, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of Ragusa (today in Croatia), who studied and lived in Italy and France.
He is famous for his atomic theory and made many important contributions to astronomy, including the first geometric procedure for determining the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position. In 1753 he also discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.