The šargija (Albanian: Sharkia) is a plucked, fretted long necked chordophone used in the folk music of various Balkan countries, including Bosnia, Croatia, Albania and Serbia.
|The šargija originated in Bosnia during the rule of Ottoman Empire, and is played by Bosniaks, Albanians, Serbs and Croats. Its original four strings have been increased to six or even seven. The šargija usually accompanies the violin, and has a jangling sound, similar to the Turkish saz. The sharki (or sargija) is a similar instrument as the two-string qiftelia, but with more strings and looking more like a primitive saz. Spelling is sometimes: sarkia or sharki or sharkia. Usually there are three courses of metal strings. The frets are often inlayed metal frets, in a non-western pattern. Body could be made from separate staves, or carved from one piece of wood.|
The šargija is a long necked lute used in the folk music of Bosnia, Croatia, Albania and Serbia. It originated in Bosnia during the Era when it was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from 1463 - 1878. The instrument looks similar to the Turkish saz, with a one- piece- body, traditionally carved out of a trunk from hard wood like maple, cherry or walnut- tree. The construction of the instrument, its over- all size, body depth, is not standardized as it is in the Violin- Making tradition. Also the number of the used strings could vary from four to six or even seven strings. Often the Sargija- player is shouting traditional folk songs, called "ganga". This music is original only to rural West Herzegovina.
The šargija is used by the Bosnians (Croats and Muslims) in Bosnian root music. The tamburica/tambura is associated with Croats and the Serbs.
* Atlas of Plucked Instruments
* JazzStudied Website — San Diego State University