There are many reasons why enthusiasts engage in mountain Climbing. This sport challenges an individual’s capabilities and skills; plus it is also a great way to be one with nature. Mountaineers also find Climbing as a form of relaxation and exercise.
But the most common purpose of people who go on Mountaineering even when the activity can be strenuous and dangerous is the reward of having a view of the rare and wonderful sight they will savor when they reach the summit.
There are three basic forms of Climbing, which depends on the track condition. First of these is Rock Climbing, or rock-craft, which is very popular among amateur Climbers. This form of Mountain Climbing involves rocky slopes and avalanches. The second form of Mountaineering is the Snow and Ice Climbing, or the snow-craft, which is more for expert Climbers. This is a much dangerous Climb because it involves routes with glaciers. Special gear and an understanding of snow and ice conditions are very important. Lastly, mixed Climbing combines the rocky and icy routes of the first two Mountaineering forms, making it the most difficult. The hazardous track one will have to face in this Climb requires the mountaineer to have enough training and experience.
Although injuries and accidents are common in Mountaineering, an enjoyable Climb is still possible. Problems could be avoided through preparations, proper training, and good physical condition. It is also best to Climb mountains in groups, as one could lend a hand to the team when something unexpected happens. Moreover, experience is still the best teacher even in mountain Climbing. Other than that, joining Climbing groups and reading books and articles on Mountaineering are also very helpful to begin your adventure.
Today’s geological structure of the terrain in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the result of a long geological past in which various events created a variety of rock formations –magmatic, sedimentary, metamorphic, and many ore deposits. Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras may be seen throughout this region. The intensive neo-tectonic processes have created a special diversity of relief in BiH.
In the middle part of the county there are young mountains of the Dinaric system and they mostly consist of limestone. Their peaks are often higher than 2000 meters. These high rock ranges consists of the following mountains: Vran (2074m), Cvrsnica (2228m) /Ski centar Blidinje/, Cabulja (1789m), Velez (1969m), Prenj (2155m), Bjelasnica (2067m), Visocica (1974m), Crvanj (1921m), Treskavica (2088m), Lelija (2032m), Zelengora (2015m), Ljubisna (2242m), Volujak (2297m) and the highest peak of the country Maglic (2386m). These mountain ranges are divided by deep 1,000 meter high canyon valleys: Neretva, Drina, upper flow of Bosna and its tributaries. The mountain ranges of Ivan (950m), Makljen (1123m), Kupreska Vrata (1324m), Cemerno (1293m) and others present the natural connection between Herzegovina and Bosnia and integrate the two into a unique socio-economic relationship.
To the north, next to the river Sava and the low basin of the Bosna River there is flat valley called Posavina. This valley is surrounded by a long stretch of low panonian mountains: Majevica (916m), Motajnica (652m), Vucjak (368m), Prosara (363m) and Kozara (977m) who appear like lonely islands coming out of the valley. The lowest part of the country presents the narrow part on the coast, next to Neum-Klek, together with the valleys of Humina. The low limestone valleys are also characteristic of this region, the biggest one being Popovo Valley towards Trebinje and Dubrovnik.