Born 4 May 1900
Died 10 May 1979 (aged 79)
Zagreb, SFR Yugoslavia
Nationality Yugoslav / Croatian
Training Zagreb Academy of Fine Arts
École des Arts Décoratifs
École des Beaux-Arts
Influenced by Auguste Rodin
Antun Augustinčić (4 May 1900 – 10 May 1979) was a prominent Croatian sculptor. Along with Ivan Meštrović and Frano Kršinić he is considered one of the three most important Croatian sculptors of the 20th century. His most notable sculptures include the Peace monument which stands in front of the United Nations building in New York City and the Miner statue in front of the International Labour Organization headquarters in Geneva.
Antun Augustinčić in his studio photographed by Tošo Dabac
Augustinčić was born in the small town of Klanjec in the Hrvatsko Zagorje region in northern Croatia, which was at the time part of Austria-Hungary. In 1918 he enrolled at the Arts and Crafts College in Zagreb, where he studied sculpting under professors Rudolf Valdec and Robert Frangeš. After the college became the Royal Academy of Arts and Crafts in 1922, he studied under the guidance of Ivan Meštrović until his graduation in 1924. He then received a scholarship from the French government and continued his studies at the École des Arts Décoratifs and École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under the guidance of Jean Antoine Injalbert.
In 1925 and 1926 Augustinčić held his first exhibitions in Paris, before returning to Zagreb and exhibiting in Zagreb in 1926 and then again in 1927 in Lwów and Zagreb. In 1929 he was one of the founding members of the Earth Group (Croatian: Grupa Zemlja) arts collective which brought together prominent left-oriented sculptors, painters and architects, such as Drago Ibler, Krsto Hegedušić, Ivan Tabaković, Ivan Generalić, and many others. Augustinčić took part in several exhibitions organised by the group between 1929 and 1933, when he left the group, two years before it was banned by the authorities in 1935.
In 1930 Augustinčić created his first equestrian sculpture for the monument in Niš, after his design won the competition out of the 23 works submitted, with prominent Yugoslav sculptors Risto Stijović and Sreten Stojanović coming in second and third. From then on equestrian statues became one the hallmarks of his career, notable examples being the monument to Józef Piłsudski in Katowice, Poland (commissioned in the 1930s but placed in 1991) and his most notable work, the Peace monument, erected in front of the United Nations building in New York in 1954. In the late 1930s he also created a couple of monuments to King Alexander in Sombor and Skopje (which were later destroyed in World War II), as well as several sculptures of Croatian politician Stjepan Radić. Other notable works from this period include a number of family tomb headstones at the Mirogoj Cemetery in Zagreb, including Sorrow (1930), Moses (1932) and Icarus (1935).
In 1940 he became a corresponding member of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts (JAZU) and his works were featured in the 1940 documentary film Croatian Sculptors (German title: Bilhauerkunst in Kroatien) filmed by Oktavijan Miletić. During the war Augustinčić remained active and was commissioned to sculpt a bust of the Croatian Poglavnik Ante Pavelić.
In 1946 Augustinčić became a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb, and after the war he was made a member of the People's Assembly.
In 1949 he was made a full member of the Yugoslav Academy, and from the 1950s onwards he started making portraits, art nudes and figurative sculptures. In the years after the war he made a number of notable sculptures, such as the monuments to Josip Broz Tito in Tito's birthplace of Kumrovec (1948), politician Moša Pijade (1953), violinist Zlatko Baloković (1962), 16th century Croatian writer Marin Držić (1963) and many others. His most important sculpture in this period is The Carrying of the Wounded (Croatian: Nošenje ranjenika), which evolved from a sketch made in 1944 and which he used as a recurring motif in a number of monuments he created in the following three decades, one of which can be seen in front of the Faculty of Medicine in Zagreb.
Augustinčić, together with the Serbian painter Đorđe Andrejević-Kun, also designed all of the Yugoslav orders and decorations, and he also created the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (with Vanja Radauš).
In 1970 Augustinčić donated his works to his native town of Klanjec, where a gallery exhibiting his works opened in 1976. His last great work was the memorial dedicated to the 1573 Peasants' Revolt and its leader Matija Gubec, which was erected near Oršić Castle in Gornja Stubica in 1973. The monument is made of bronze and stone and features a relief covering 180 square metres.
1. Monument to Petar Kocic, 1932 (in co-operation with Vanja Radaus), Banja Luka
2. Monument to the Dead Sumadija Warriors, 1932 (in co-operation with Jozo Kljakovic), Kragujevac
3. Monument to King Alexander, 1935, Varazdin (demolished in 1945)
4. Monument to the Dead Nis Warriors, 1937, Nis
5. Monument to King Peter and King Alexander, 1937, Skopje (demolished in the course of World War II)
6. Monument to Stjepan Radic, 1938, Selca on the island of Brac
7. Monument to Stjepan Radic, 1938, Mace (Hrvatsko zagorje)
8. Monument to Stjepan Radic, 1938, Nova Raca
9. Monument to Stjepan Radic, 1938, placed in Stari Perkovci in 1990
10. Monument to the Silesian Uprising, 1936-39 (only the central equestrian figure cast in bronze representing Josef Pilsudski, placed in 1991 in Katowice, Poland)
11. The Miner, 1939, Geneva, Switzerland
12. Monument to King Alexander, 1940, Sombor (demolished and re-melted in the course of World War II)
13. Monument to the Shot Radicals, 1940, Zajecar
14. Thanksgiving Monument to the Red Army, 1947, Batina
15. Monument to Marshal Tito, 1948, Kumrovec
16. The Carrying of the Wounded, 1952, Livno
17. The Carrying of the Wounded, 1953, Zagreb, Veterinary College
18. Monument to Mosa Pijade, 1954, Zagreb and Sisak
19. Peace, 1954, New York, USA
20. Monument to Fascism Victims, 1955, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia
21. Monument to the Ethiopian Partisan, 1959, Holleta, Ethiopia
22. Monument to Ras Makonnen, 1959, Harar, Ethiopia
23. Monument to our Battle, 1959, Klanjec
24. Monument to the Dead Krajina Warriors, 1961, B. Luka
25. Monument to Marin Drzic, 1963
26. What is Ours, We Keep - What is Not, We Want Not, 1964, island of Vis
27. Monument to the Victims of War, 1965, Sisak
28. The Carrying of the Wounded, 1966, Derventa
29. Monument to Martin Pustek, 1971, Novi Marof
30. Monument to the Dead Imotska Krajina Warriors, 1971, Imotski
31. Monument to the Uprising, 1971, Gradac n/m
32. The Carrying of the Wounded, 1973, Krapinske Toplice
33. Monument to the Peasants' Rebellion and Matija Gubec, 1973, Donja Stubica
34. Portrait of Mladen Ivekovic, 1972, Zagreb
35. Monument to Vlado Zecevic, 1973, Loznica
36. Monument to Marshal Tito, 1977, Velenje
37. The Carrying of the Wounded, 1983, Zagreb, Faculty of Medicine
1. Blessed Ozana Kotorska's Sarchopagus, 1929, Kotor, Chatedral
2. The Schlenger Family Tomb, ?, Varazdin, Jewish Cemetery
3. Sorrow, monument at the Vajda family tomb, 1930, Zagreb, Mirogoj (municipal cemetery)
4. Angel, monument at the Crkvenac-Palcic-Matulay family tomb, 1932, Zagreb, Mirogoj
5. Moses, monument at the Gluck family tomb, 1932, Zagreb, Mirogoj (the monument was moved in 1952 to the location of the new monument dedicated to the Jews who died in World War II. The project was elaborated by architect Stjepan Gombos)
6. Icarus, 1935, the Sostaric-Pisacic family tomb, Zagreb, Mirogoj
7. Spinster, 1935 the Ristic family tomb, municipal cemetery, Nis
8. Resting, 1935 (?), the Svoboda family tomb, Varazdin, municipal cemetery
9. Sorrow, Irma Gecan's tomb, ?, (year unknown), Slavonski Brod
10. Resting, monument at the Augustincic family tomb, Klanjec, municipal cemetery
11.Zlatko Balokovic's bust, 1967, Balokovic family tomb, Zagreb, Mirogoj
12. Joe Matosic's bust, 1966, Matosic family tomb, Zagreb, Mirogoj
13. Victory, 1967, Partisan Memorial Cemetery, Brcko
14. The Carrying of the Wounded, monument at Nada and Antun Augustincic's tomb, 1979, Klanjec, park surrounding the Antun Augustincic's Gallery
English: The monument to Marshal Józef Piłsudski in Katowice, Poland (Polski: Katowice, pomnik Marszałka Piłsudskiego)
Josip Broz Tito monument in Kumrovec, birth house of Josip Broz Tito
Sorrow at the Mirogoj Cemetery in Zagreb (Croatian: Tuga, djelo Antuna Augustinčića na grobu obitelji Vajda na Mirogoju, Zagreb, Hrvatska)
The Monument of Peace by Antun Augustincic in New York in front of the UN Building
The monument dedicated to the liberators is located at the central location of the city, King Milan Square. It presents the period of wars for liberation waged against the Turks, Bulgarians, and Germans. The monument contains inscriptions on the four most significant years of this period: 1874 and 1877 – the period of the fight for liberation from the Turks, and 1915 and 1918 – the beginning of the occupation and the liberation of the city in World War One. The monument is made of black marble and has a broad base with four reliefs, a bronze sculpture and a high pedestal whose lower part exhibits figural compositions of soldiers fighting. At the top of the monument there is a natural size horse rider – the Herald of Liberty, holding a flag. The monument was presented to the public on 28 June 1937, on the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Nis from the Turks. This monumental sculpture is one of the most significant creations of more modern Yugoslav art, made by the well known sculptor from Zagreb, Croatia, Antun Augustincic. In 1983 it became protected by the law as part of the national heritage.
1.^ a b c d Gudelj, Petar (2009-07-06). "Antun Augustinčić" (in Croatian). Imotske novine. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
2.^ a b c "Curriculum Vitae". The Antun Augustinčić Gallery. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
3.^ "The Monument to Liberators of Nis at King Milan Square". Tourist Bureau Niš. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
4.^ a b c "List of executed monuments". The Antun Augustinčić Gallery. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
5.^ "List of executed tombstones". The Antun Augustinčić Gallery. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
6.^ Peterlić, Ante; Majcen, Vjekoslav (2000) (in Croatian). Oktavijan Miletić. Hrvatski državni arhiv. pp. 167. ISBN 9536005395.
7.^ Fantomska pjesma, Vijenac
8.^ Milovan Djilas, Memoir of a revolutionary. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973. (p. 346)
9.^ Stuparić, Darko (1978) (in Croatian). Diplomati izvan protokola : ambasadori Titove Jugoslavije. Centar za kulturnu djelatnost Saveza socijalističke omladine Zagreba. pp. 75.