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GIOVANNI DALMATA (IVAN DUKNOVIC): THE VIRGIN AND CHILD, MARBLE RELIEF, 15TH CENTURY.

Giovanni Dalmata (Ivan Duknovic): The Virgin and Child, marble relief, 15th century.

Ivan Duknović


Giovanni Dalmata

Giovanni Duknovich

also known as:

Giovanni di Traù

Giovanni Dalmata de Trau

Ivan Duknovic from Trogir

(c. 1440 – c. 1514),

Giovanni Duknovich called Giovanni Dalmata (also known as Giovanni di Traù - Giovanni Dalmata de Trau - Ivan Duknovic from Trogir) and Ioannes Stephani Duknovich de Tragurio, and in Croatia known as Ivan Duknović), was a sculptor from Dalmatia who was mainly active in Rome, Hungary and in Dalmatia. Giovanni Dalmata was, with Mino da Fiesole and Andrea Bregno, the leading sculptor in Rome in the second half of the 15th century.

He was born in Vinišće, a Dalmatian village (now a part of Marina, Split-Dalmatia County) in Croatia around 1440 and came to Rome between 1460 and 1465 to work for Pope Paul II on the Palazzo di Venezia. Other works in and around Rome include: the Tempietto S. Giacomo in Vicovaro (near Tivoli), the tomb monuments of Pope Paul II in St. Peter's (now dismantled), the tomb of Cardinal Bartolomeo della Rovere in San Clemente, the tomb of Cardinal Bernardo Eroli (now Grotte Vaticane).
Around 1488–1490, Duknovich went to the Court of King Matthias Corvinus in Buda, where he stayed for a few years, mastering a number of works which are unfortunately all either completely destroyed or badly damaged (e.g. the Fountain of Hercules in Visegrád).
After his stay in Hungary, Giovanni Duknovich returned to Traù where he left a number of works, most important among those is the statue of St. John the Evangelist in the Orsini chapel in Trogir Cathedral. Duknović is also the creator of the sculpture of St. Magdalene in the Franciscan monastery of St. Anthony on the nearby Čiovo island and worked with Nicolò Fiorentino and Andrea Alessi on the renaissance palace Cippico in Traù.
Around 1503, he was in Rome again, working on the tomb of the Papal Protonotary Lomellino. In 1509 he executed the tomb of the Beato Giannelli for S. Ciriaco in Ancona. Some documents of 1513 and 1514 refer to "Magistro Joanni lapicida" in Traù where he presumably died soon afterwards.
Recently the newly discovered Duknovich's work (The Virgin and Child, marble relief) was offered on auction in London's Katz gallery and bought for £250,000 by Trogir City Museum, which now owns six masterpieces.

In the Musée du Louvre in Paris (l'aile Déon) dedicated to Italian sculpture of Quattrocento, two Croatian artists are represented, Francesko Laurana and Giovanni Dalmata de Trau (Ivan Duknovic from Trogir). Their 4 sculptures and bas-reliefs can be seen in the first hall. It is interesting that Renaissance art appeared in Croatia about a hundred years earlier than in France. See information about the exhibition La Renaissance en Croatie at Musée national de la Renaissance in Paris in 2004.
Ivan Duknovic (15/16th centuries), together with Mimo de Fiealo, constructed the grave of Pope Paul II, which is regarded as the most important sculptural work of the 15th century in Rome (Duknovic made the portrait of the Pope, alegorical presentation of Hope, etc.).

Refer to some documents of 1513 and 1514 he returned in Traù (Trogir, Croatia) where he presumably died soon afterwards.

G.DALMATA, PUTTO WITH THE COAT-OF-ARMS CIPPICO (CROATIAN: GRBONOŠA - KRILATI DJEČAK S GRBOM ĆIPIKOVIH)

G.Dalmata, putto with the coat-of-arms Cippico (Croatian: Grbonoša - Krilati dječak s grbom Ćipikovih)

GIOVANNI DALMATA, ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST

Giovanni Dalmata, St. John the Evangelist

RELIEF WITH THE BLESSING CHRIST - GIOVANNI DALMATA - RELIGIOUS PAINTING ART, AUTHOR : GIOVANNI DALMATA, DATE :C. 1479, TECHNIQUE :MARBLE, HEIGHT 130.8 CM, WIDTH 71 CM, TYPE :RELIGIOUS, FORM :SCULPTURE, LOCATION :MUSEI VATICANI, VATICAN

Relief with the Blessing Christ - Giovanni Dalmata - Religious Painting Art, Author : GIOVANNI DALMATA, Date :c. 1479, Technique :Marble, height 130.8 cm, width 71 cm, Type :religious, Form :sculpture, Location :Musei Vaticani, Vatican

FRAGMENT OF AN ALTAR - THE FRAGMENT OF AN ALTAR FROM THE 1490S WAS UNCOVERED FROM THE OUTER WALL OF THE PAULINE CHURCH IN DIOSGYOR (HUNGARY). ACCORDING TO THE EVIDENCE OF THE BISHOP`S COAT OF ARMS, THE PERSON COMMISSIONING THE ALTAR WAS MOST LIKELY THE BISHOP OF CSANAD, JOHANNES DE ZOKOL, WHO RETIRED TO THE PAULINE MONASTERY OF DIOSGYOR IN 1493 TO LIVE THE REST OF HIS LIFE THERE AS A MONK. SOMETIME AROUND 1486 OR 1487 THE SCULPTOR GIOVANNI DALMATA, A CELEBRATED ARTIST WHO HAD WORKED IN ROME AND IN TRAU (TROGIR), ARRIVED AT BUDA, WHERE THE CONSTRUCTION OF KING MATTHIAS`S RENAISSANCE PLACE WAS UNDER WAY AT THE TIME. DALMATA`S STYLE CAN BE RECOGNIZED ON A NUMBER OF FRAGMENTED STONEWORKS OF THE ROYAL PLACE OF BUDA. KING MATTHIAS BESTOWED UPON HIS FAVOURITE SCULPTOR AWARDS AND PROPERTY, AND IT SEEMS VERY LIKELY THAT HE ALSO COMMISSIONED THE ARTIST TO FASHION HIS TOMB. IN SPITE OF ITS FRAGMENTED CONDITION, THE RELIEF SHOWS THE STYLISTIC MARKS OF DALMATA`S BEST ITALIAN WORKS, PROVIDING AMPLE PROOF OF THE HIGH STANDARD OF RENAISSANCE SCULPTING IN THE AGE OF KING MATTHIAS. AUTHOR : GIOVANNI DALMATA, DATE :C. 1490, TECHNIQUE :MARBLE, 79 X 123 CM, TYPE :RELIGIOUS, FORM :SCULPTURE, LOCATION :HUNGARIAN NATIONAL GALLERY, BUDAPEST

Fragment of an Altar - The fragment of an altar from the 1490s was uncovered from the outer wall of the Pauline church in Diosgyor (Hungary). According to the evidence of the bishop`s coat of arms, the person commissioning the altar was most likely the Bishop of Csanad, Johannes de Zokol, who retired to the Pauline monastery of Diosgyor in 1493 to live the rest of his life there as a monk. Sometime around 1486 or 1487 the sculptor Giovanni Dalmata, a celebrated artist who had worked in Rome and in Trau (Trogir), arrived at Buda, where the construction of King Matthias`s Renaissance place was under way at the time. Dalmata`s style can be recognized on a number of fragmented stoneworks of the Royal Place of Buda. King Matthias bestowed upon his favourite sculptor awards and property, and it seems very likely that he also commissioned the artist to fashion his tomb. In spite of its fragmented condition, the relief shows the stylistic marks of Dalmata`s best Italian works, providing ample proof of the high standard of Renaissance sculpting in the age of King Matthias. Author : GIOVANNI DALMATA, Date :c. 1490, Technique :Marble, 79 x 123 cm, Type :religious, Form :sculpture, Location :Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest

GIOVANNI DALMATA (IVAN DUKNOVIC) - OBLJETNICA SMRTI

References

Johannes Röll, Giovanni Dalmata, 1994.
The dictionary of art, www.groveart.com, entry by Kruno Prijatelj
http://www.arcipelagoadriatico.it/pdf/saggi&contributi_Dalmazia_StoriaDalmazia_Toth3.pdf


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