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Croatian bagpipe - Five-part dudas (dudas from Podravina)

FIVE-PART DUDAS (DUDAS FROM PODRAVINA)  DUDAS FROM PODRAVINA HAVE FOUR REEDS IN THEIR PIPE. WITH THE ADDITION OF A REED IN THE DRONE, THEY ARE CONSIDERED FIVE-PART DUDAS BECAUSE FIVE DIFFERENT SOUNDS CAN BE PRODUCED SIMULTANEOUSLY. THE FIRST REED (PETAK, OR THE MELODIOUS CHANTER) PRODUCES THE TONES OF G, A, B FLAT, C AND D, THE SECOND REED (SAMAC, OR LONER) PRODUCES ONLY THE KEYNOTE F, THE THIRD REED (MALČENJAK) PRODUCES ONLY THE FOURTH C, AND THE FOURTH REED ONLY THE OCTAVE F.

Craoatian Bagpipes - Five-part dudas (dudas from Podravina)

Dudas from Podravina have four reeds in their pipe. With the addition of a reed in the drone, they are considered five-part dudas because five different sounds can be produced simultaneously. The first reed (petak, or the melodious chanter) produces the tones of G, A, B flat, C and D, the second reed (samac, or loner) produces only the keynote F, the third reed (malčenjak) produces only the fourth C, and the fourth reed only the octave F.

FIVE-PART DUDAS (DUDAS FROM PODRAVINA)  DUDAS FROM PODRAVINA HAVE FOUR REEDS IN THEIR PIPE. WITH THE ADDITION OF A REED IN THE DRONE, THEY ARE CONSIDERED FIVE-PART DUDAS BECAUSE FIVE DIFFERENT SOUNDS CAN BE PRODUCED SIMULTANEOUSLY. THE FIRST REED (PETAK, OR THE MELODIOUS CHANTER) PRODUCES THE TONES OF G, A, B FLAT, C AND D, THE SECOND REED (SAMAC, OR LONER) PRODUCES ONLY THE KEYNOTE F, THE THIRD REED (MALČENJAK) PRODUCES ONLY THE FOURTH C, AND THE FOURTH REED ONLY THE OCTAVE F.

Craoatian Bagpipes - Five-part dudas (dudas from Podravina)


What distinguishes dudas from Podravina from those of Bilogora and from other instruments with bags is that all of the holes for playing end "under the fingers" which permits each tone to be played separately and also, while playing, all of the tones on the chanter can be completely broken off and then played again at any moment and in any combination. With bagpipes, the duda from Bilogora and with any other instrument with a bag, this is impossible, i.e. it is not possible to interrupt all tones on the chanter while playing. This distinction allows a duda player from Podravina to create a richness of variations and combinations of sounds while playing. It sometimes seems that several musicians are playing at the same time, although it is actually only one musician.


The five-part duda has almost completely disappeared from Croatian folklore tradition. This example has been reconstructed by Stjepan Večković.

 

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