In the nineteenth century, a new form of ballroom dancing emerged in Croatia. Elements of European ballroom spread throughout the region, and dances such as the polka soon became widspread all throughout the Croatian regions. Croatian ballroom dancing, or salonsko kolo, emerged in the nineteenth century as a result of the above influences. Due to the Croatian national revival and re-awakening of Croatian culture and national identity, an effort was made to incorporate traditional music and dances into the urban dance revival. Thus, the intellectual idealists saw kolo as a quintessential Slavic dance, and chose to adopt it for the urban context it. It was at this time that the hrvatsko kolo emerged as a choreographed dance.
Due to the strong Venetian/Italian influence in Istria and parts of Dalmatia, the furlana has become a part of the culture of the people, most especially in Vodnjan. A specific strain on the furlana song is called the "Polesana", and is thought to originate from Istria; either from either the Italian word for 'a woman from Pola' (Pula), or from the Croatian word "polesa", meaning "rural".
Since the Burgenland Croats from Austria have been under the influence of German/Austrian and Hungarian cultures, they formed their own dance traditions, influenced by the liveliness of the polka and the csárdás (čardaš). An example is the 'Filež dance' from Nikitsch, which is light-hearted and cheerful, with dancers often bringing in props to the dance, like a broom or a bottle.
On the island of Korčula in the Adriatic, the popular sword dance, the Moreška is still prevalent and performed at festivals and special events.
The Moreška in Korčula